United Towards A Decarbonised Energy System
Decarbonising The Energy Sector
Decarbonisation is viable along the power sector supply chain. From the transformation of coal mining regions, power generation, to industrial decarbonization, as well as the enabling condition for energy transition such as how the power market is designed will be discussed on the second day. By emphasizing the importance of a phased—but transformative—change in the power sector, the second day aims to explore feasible pathways for energy transition.
This agenda is subject to change
09.00 – 09.30
Path to Power – Transforming the Future
Yudiandra Yuwono, Energy Transition Advisor CASE
09.30 – 10.30
Planning the Energy Transition – Orchestrating Indonesia’s Energy Transition
- Rachmat Mardiana, Director of Electricity, Telecommunications and Informatics, Bappenas
- Chrisnawan Anditya, Head of Planning Bureau ESDM
- Expert, BRIN
- Meutia Chaerani, Climate Change Specialist, ADB
Moderated by: Grace Triana BR Perangin Angin, GIZ Advisor
This session delves into the practicalities of Indonesia’s energy transition vision, encapsulated in the Long-term National Development Plan (RPJP), and its operationalization through the Mid-term National Development Plan (RPJMN). This dialogue aims to unpack the challenges and solutions in translating the RPJP’s broad aspirations into actionable strategies within the RPJMN, which guides Indonesia’s development steps in five-year increments from 2025 to 2045.
The discussion revolves around the RPJMN as a strategic blueprint for designing and executing energy transition initiatives, guiding international cooperation, and aligning foreign support with Indonesia’s energy transition. It underscores the importance of public involvement in shaping and implementing the RPJMN to reflect the nation’s energy transition aspirations. It concludes by identifying the crucial steps needed in the next 20 years towards energy transition and how they can be embedded within the RPJMN framework, emphasizing meticulous planning, execution, and monitoring mechanisms.
10.30 – 11.00
11.00 – 12.00
Assessing Transformation In Coal Mining Regions towards Decarbonasition
- Nizhar Marizi, Director of Energy, Mineral and Mining Resources, Bappenas
- Ade Cahyat, IKI JET
- Timon Wehnert, Wuppertal Institute
- Regina Ariyanti, Bappeda of South Sumatera
- Yusliando, Bappeda of East Kalimantan
Moderated by: Nyimas Wardah, IKI JET Advisor
Indonesia has taken a significant step towards a sustainable future by committing to phase out coal by 2040 and achieve net-zero emissions by 2050. An essential aspect of this transformation is ensuring justice and fairness throughout the process. This approach promotes economic growth while improving social well-being by expanding access to clean and affordable energy.
In order to effectively address the energy transition from coal, it is essential to conduct comprehensive assessments of the social, economic, and environmental impacts. These assessments are necessary to identify any potential consequences that may arise from this transition and develop appropriate measures to mitigate them.
12.00 – 13.00
13.00 – 14.00
Understanding The Feasibility of Coal-fired Power Plant Early Retirement
- Fadhil Ahmad Qamar, CASE
- Dr. Handriyanti Diah Puspitarini, Transition Zero
- Aang Darmawan, Indonesia Country Manager, Energy Transition Partnership (ETP) – UNOPS
Moderated by: Agus Tampubolon or Dr. Marlistya Citraningrum, IESR
Indonesia is one of the largest coal producers and exporters in the world. Coal is also a crucial source of energy for Indonesia, with coal-fired power plants installed capacity in 2020 reaching 42.1 GW (out of total 81.2 GW installed capacity) and generating about 60% of the country’s electricity. However, this reliance on coal has led to a range of environmental and health challenges, making the retirement of coal-fired power plants a pressing issue in Indonesia. In the effort to phasing out the use of coal, varying pathways have been offered—including by retrofitting coal-fired power plants using CCUS, co-firing, and early retirement, among others.
A recent comparative analysis by CASE highlights the cost-benefit analysis on some scenarios to decarbonize the power generation subsector, specifically on an ultra-supercritical CFPP—comparing the costs and benefits related to retrofitting with CCS, retiring and replacing with RE, or continuing the use of CFPP. This session aims to discuss the different pathways to decarbonizing the electricity sector to phase out coal-fired power plants.
14.00 – 15.00
Electricity market design in Southeast Asia – harnessing opportunities for renewable energy growth*
- Ernst Kuneman, Project Manager Power System Transformation Agora Energiewende
- Energy Expert, EY (TBC)
- Kamia Handayani, Executive Vice President of Energy Transition and Sustainability, PT PLN
- Dharma Djojonegoro, CEO Adaro Power
Moderated by: Dimitri Pescia, Programme Lead Southeast and East Asia Agora Energiewende
This session looks into opportunities for unlocking investment in variable renewables and supporting their integration into power systems. Despite global cost technology declines, high investor readiness, and considerable technical resource potential, Southeast Asia lacks behind other regions in rolling out solar and wind power. Market entry barriers and system operations designed for thermal power fleets have so far prevented scaled-up renewables deployment in most jurisdictions. Yet, with the appropriate set of market and policy instruments, ASEAN member states like Indonesia stand to benefit from a shift to low-cost renewables in multiple ways. In this session, we discuss barriers to investment that hold the key to mobilizing more capital and open the floor to debate on how single-buyer models can be tweaked such that they enable the impending low-carbon technology shift.
The event will start with a regional scene-setting presentation on the electricity market design landscape in ASEAN, highlighting common and differentiated challenges with respect to renewables deployment in Indonesia, Thailand, Viet Nam, and The Philippines. It will continue with a moderated panel discussion on the investment landscape in Indonesia, prospects for integrating intermittent supply in the Indonesian power systems, and the requirements for a shift from fossils to renewables. Following the panellists’ inputs, the discussion will be opened to questions from the audience.
15.00 – 15.30
15.30 – 16.30
Demand-side Decarbonisation: Co-RE Benefits of RE Adoption in Industries
- Dharsono Hartono, Kadin (NZH)
- Amelia Novianti, Head of Public Affairs and Government Relations, Nestle
- Binu George, Country Manager & Director of Business Development, Berkeley Energy Commercial Industrial Solutions
Moderated by: Johannes Anhorn, GIZ SETI
* Session will be done in English, with direct translation to Bahasa Indonesia
The urgent need for decarbonization in the industrial sector has become a critical priority in addressing climate change and achieving sustainable development goals. As one of the largest contributors to GHG emissions, industries worldwide are seeking effective solutions to reduce their environmental impact.
Renewable Energy (RE) emerges as a key solution, providing both clean electricity and sustainable heat for the industrial sector. By embracing renewable electricity generation and deploying renewable heat solutions, industries can significantly reduce their carbon footprint and pave the way for a more sustainable future. The integration of RE systems offers synergistic opportunities, enabling a comprehensive and holistic approach to decarbonization in the industrial sector.
This discussion session will provide knowledge for audience regarding the decarbonization needs from industries, successful decarbonization lessons learned from industries, and solutions for industrial decarbonization implementation.